With the news floating about NRC and CAA that led to many protests by the end of 2019, the Home Ministry took it upon itself to clarify what documents are enough to prove citizenship in India. They also went ahead to say that Indians needn’t worry about proving their citizenship as they would not be ‘harassed or put to inconvenience.’

Common documents that are enough to prove citizenship include

  1. Passport – one of the most thoroughly verified document, the passport allows citizens to travel abroad. The Passport requires the candidate to go through several rounds of verification and the slightest bit of discrepancy would disqualify the candidate from the same.
  2. Aadhaar Card – the Aadhaar came into force this decade itself and has since turned out to be an essential document. It takes in the applicant’s biometrics into the database, thereby ensuring that the candidate is a citizen of India
  3. Voter ID card: Voter ID requires a strenuous procedure in place, after all, the holder of a voter ID card gets to participate in the national election and overall democratic decision of the nation. The sheer potential that the voter ID card holds makes it one of the most common and yet most impactful document to prove citizenship
  4. Birth certificate: the first certificate any individual could possibly have, the birth certificate is enough proof as to where the person was born. It also stands to be a document of age and contributes to making several other documents as well.
  5. Ration card: ration card is proof of residence and avails people to receive a subsidy on food grains. It requires a thorough family count, which will not go through if there are any discrepancies

In conclusion


These documents are essentially vital at proving one’s citizenship and as long as one has these, they cannot be any more Indian than that.